Report on a study tour of dry land forestry in the Mediterranean basin and adjoining regions

July and August, 1985 by D. G. M. Donald

Publisher: University of Stellenbosch, Faculty of Forestry in Stellenbosch (South Africa)

Written in English
Published: Pages: 30 Downloads: 644
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  • Forests and forestry -- Mediterranean Region.,
  • Forests and forestry -- South Africa.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 30.

Statementby D.G.M. Donald.
LC ClassificationsSD177 D6 1986
The Physical Object
Pagination30 p. :
Number of Pages30
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19128352M

  1. Introduction. Globally, the dry Mediterranean climates occur in the subtropics and temperate regions of every continent, on their western sides between latitudes 30 and 45 degrees North and South, in addition to the countries of the Mediterranean Sea basin in Europe, North Africa and west Asia, and in Central Asia and the Caucasus.   Having just completed The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl, a book about farmers in the Dust Bowl, I found this to be a refreshing Davis' thesis in RtGoR is that the French colonists created a narrative in which Algeria was once a vast green sea of forests and grain, but that the nomads (read: barbaric Arabs) ruined it Reviews: 4.   At the time, the Mediterranean basin was an almost entirely dry expanse of low lying land, between km and km beneath today's sea level. The Mediterranean Sea and Basin: A total of 21 countries touch the Mediterranean Sea. Australia: The southern and western regions of the country. Africa: Morocco, north of Algeria, north of Tunisia, and the Cape Province area of South Africa. South America: The central coast of Chile and parts of Argentina.

Other articles where Mediterranean region is discussed: biogeographic region: Mediterranean region: The Mediterranean region is the winter rainfall zone of the Holarctic kingdom (Figure 1). It is characterized by sclerophyllous plants mainly of the scrubland type known as maquis. It is difficult to define, however, because many of its characteristic plants (about genera). Mediterranean vegetation, any scrubby, dense vegetation composed of broad-leaved evergreen shrubs, bushes, and small trees usually less than m (about 8 feet) tall and growing in regions lying between 30° and 40° north and south latitudes. These regions have a climate similar to that of the Mediterranean area, which is characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Western Mediterranean basin are drought-driven (Pausas and Munoz, ). The Mediterranean basins are considered to be the largest region among a few . The study focuses on two ecologically diverse regions at opposite ends of the Mediterranean Basin, eastern Spain and the southern Levant in Jordan, that encompass much of the social and natural variability of the entire region.

The Mediterranean basin is the world’s second largest biodiversity hotspot: rich in plant diversity containing some 25 plant species. Mediterranean forests and other wooded lands in the region make vital contributions to rural development, poverty alleviation and food security, as well as to the agriculture, water, tourism, and energy. Mediterranean forests are a unique world natural heritage in terms of biological diversity, hosting around plant species. The Mediterranean basin holds a high degree of tree richness and endemism – of its trees are indigenous species, and of those are endemic! Mediterranean human populations have always lived in closed contact. THANKS FOR YOUR ATENTION¡¡¡¡¡¡¡ DEFINITION The mediterranean forest is a forest and scrub biome that develops in regions with a Mediterranean climate, with mild winters, dry summers and springs and autumnswith abundant rainfall, in addition to frequent forest fires to which. The Mediterranean forest area has expanded by two percent resulting in a rise of million hectares – about the size of Slovenia, says a joint report by the United Nations Food and Agriculture.

Report on a study tour of dry land forestry in the Mediterranean basin and adjoining regions by D. G. M. Donald Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Mediterranean Biogeographic Region is the biogeographic region around and including the Mediterranean term is defined by the European Environment Agency as applying to the land areas of Europe that border on the Mediterranean Sea, and the corresponding territorial waters.

The region is rich in biodiversity and has many endemic species. The term may also be used in the Oceans or seas: Mediterranean Sea. Mediterranean ecoregions are some of the most endangered and vulnerable on the planet.

As such, many have suffered tremendous degradation and habitat loss through logging, overgrazing, conversion to agriculture, urbanization, fire suppression, and introduction of exotic and invasive ecoregions around the Mediterranean basin and in California have been particularly affected by.

The fires, together with unrestrained urban sprawl, over-exploitation and land misuse in other parts of the region, threaten to deplete the Mediterranean forest ecosystems, one of the world’s richest stores of biodiversity.

The Mediterranean basin is home to o different species of flowering plants, half of which are unique to the basin. Table 2. Forest area change Regions Forest area annual change ( ha) Annual change rate (%) North Mediterranean South Mediterranean World 2.

Socio-economic and historical importance of Mediterranean forests and other. Mediterranean forests are very vulnerable and fragile to numerous threats such as forest fires, over-exploitation, deforestation, and degradation.

These threats are nowadays accentuated in a. At its 22nd session in Junethe Committee on Forestry (COFO) requested FAO to “undertake a global assessment of the extent and status of drylands forests, rangelands and agrosilvopastoral systems”. During the event, several international agreements and initiatives calling for restoration of degraded lands were highlighted.

The Sea of Galilee is situated in northeast Israel, between the Golan Heights and the Galilee region, in the Jordan Rift Valley, the valley caused by the separation of the African and Arabian plates. Consequently, the area is subject to earthquakes, and in the past, volcanic activity.

This is evident from the abundant basalt and other igneous rocks that define the geology of Galilee. The Darién Gap forests had extensive cedrela and mahogany cover at one time, but many of these trees were removed by loggers.

[citation needed] Darién National Park covers around 5, square kilometres (, ha; 2, sq mi; 1, acres) of land and was established in It is the largest national park in Central America.

The dry Mediterranean basin would have been a lifeless and hot place due to the high salinity and areas of the geography as much as 3 miles ( kilometers) below sea level.

By comparison, the lowest point on land today, the shore of the Dead Sea, is just 1, feet ( meters) below sea level. Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, Scrub.

Mediterranean forests and scrublands are characterized by hot and dry summers, while winters tend to be cool and moist. These two types of vegetation occur between 30 and 40 degree northern and southern latitudes on the westward sides of continents and include five regions.

Forests of the Mediterranean region: gaps in knowledge and research needs Giseppe Scarascia-Mugnozzaa,*, Helfried Oswaldb, Pietro Piussic, Kalliopi Radogloud aDepartment of Forest Environment and Resources, Universita´ della Tuscia, Via De Lellis, I Viterbo, Italy bMediterranean Forest Research Unit, INRA, Av.

Vivaldi, F Avignon, France cInst. of Silviculture, Universita` di. Mediterranean climate, major climate type of the Köppen classification characterized by hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters and located between about 30° and 45° latitude north and south of the Equator and on the western sides of the continents.

In the Köppen-Geiger-Pohl system, it is divided into the Csa and Csb subtypes. Examination of the plant biodiversity of the five regions with a mediterranean climate (SW Australia, the Cape region of South Africa, California, mediterranean Chile, and the Mediterranean basin.

Mediterranean forests are found in the Mediterranean basin, California, the South African Cape Province, South and southwestern Australia and parts of Central Chile. The Forestry in the Mediterranean (FM) open access guide is an assessment of the current situation of the forestry sector in the Mediterranean region.

It is required for the creation of the Mediterranean Forestry R2I Neighbourhood Policy Guide and is a public document to be offered as part of the available toolkit to be found in the Mediterranean. A review of fire effects on vegetation and soil in the Mediterranean basin.

Mediterranean ecosystems are prone to forest fires and its recurrence played an important role in the evolution of these.

This project will assess how lower forest boundaries in dryland ecosystems respond to changing climate and disturbance and assess forest vulnerability and sustainability.

Results will provide valuable information for land managers about the future distribution and abundance of forests. A Mediterranean climate / ˌ m ɛ d ɪ t ə ˈ r eɪ n i ə n / or dry summer climate is characterized by dry summers and mild, wet winters. The climate receives its name from the Mediterranean Basin, where this climate type is most rranean climate zones are typically located along the western sides of continents, between roughly 30 and 45 degrees north and south of the equator.

Mediterranean forest fires: A regional perspective. Vélez. Ricardo Vélez is chief of the forest fire service of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Madrid. An overview of the causes, impact and control of forest fires in the Mediterranean region, with particular reference to preventive and control measures developed in Spain.

pasture, weed and livestock species from the Mediterranean basin. Mixed farming areas of the United States of America featuring large farm size and dependence on mechanization are similar to Australian cereal producing farms (Tow, ).

One similarity is the initial abundant supply of new fertile land and the relative scarcity of labour. Mediterranean vacation packages highlights.

Cruise ship: Get those Insta-worthy shots of blue and white Santorini, watch its sunset and hear the local legends; Family: Explore the stunning Croatian coastline and canoe down the Xanthos River to the beach at Patara.; Europe: Step back in time and explore the Acropolis of Athens.; Greece: Explore the ancient site of Olympia and the historic Delphi.

The Mediterranean basin is also a hot spot of forest species and genetic diversity, with woody species versus only for non-Mediterranean Europe. However, the characteristics of the Mediterranean area (long-standing anthropogenic pressure, significant current human activity and broad biodiversity) make it one of the world’s regions.

The white line represents the present-day Mediterranean coastline, blue regions show the submarine area in case of a 2km Mediterranean sea level lowering as it was proposed during the Messinian salinity crisis and red circles show the location of volcanic provinces whose activity was enhanced during the Messinian (the size of the circle is proportional the activity augmentation).

The Mediterranean forest is temperate, marked by mild, humid winters and hot, dry summers. The Mediterranean biome is situated in five areas of the world, including California, the Mediterranean basin, southwest Australia, central Chile and the Cape Province of South Africa.

As a result, Mediterranean region animal life is quite diverse. The white line represents the present-day Mediterranean coastline, blue regions show the submarine area in case of a 2km Mediterranean sea level lowering as it.

The Mediterranean Basin every year loses between and one million hectares of forests due to fires, corresponding to an economic loss of an estimated €1 billion. The Mediterranean region is confronted with a considerable increase in longer and more frequent drought and heat waves, resulting in the growing risk of large scale forest fires.

A Mediterranean climate resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. The climate is characterized by warm to hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters.

Mediterranean climate zones are associated with the five large subtropical high pressure cells of the oceans:The Azores High, South Atlantic High, North Pacific High, South. 1 1 Article 2 Impacts of land management on the resilience of 3 Mediterranean dry forests to fire 4 Matteo Jucker Riva1 2*, Hanspeter Liniger2, Gudrun Schwilch2, Alejandro Valdecantos3 5 1 Institute of Geography, University of Bern, Switzerland 6 2 Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), Switzerland 7 3 Mediterranean Centre for Environmental Studies (Foundation CEAM), Spain.

The Mediterranean Climate, known as a “dry-summer subtropical” climate under the Köppen climate classification, is generally found between 31 and 40 degrees latitude north and south of the equator, on the western side of continents.

The climate can be summarized as “warm, dry summers and mild, rainy winters.”. Table 1 Ecological Communities within the study area Community Description Cooks River/Castlereagh Ironbark Forest in the Sydney Basin Bioregion native fauna and flora and the ecological processes necessary for their continued existence, encouraging the recovery of native fauna and flora and their habitats, protecting water quality within.

The VI Mediterranean Forest Week showcased the use of forest–based solutions to address climate change, as well as broader regional challenges such as sustainable development, energy transition and demographic change.

The event welcomed hundreds of researchers, policy-makers and other relevant stakeholders from the wide Mediterranean basin to Brummana, Lebanon from. Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Shrub is a temperate biome, characterized by hot-dry summers and mild and rainy all of the rainfall occurs in the winter and spring rainy season.

Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Shrub ecoregions occur in the worlds five mediterranean-climate zones, which all occur on the west coast of continents in the mid-latitudes. these regions. The Mediterranean forest area has increased by two percent between andresulting in a rise of million hectares – about the size of Slovenia, says a new FAO-Plan Bleu report – The State of Mediterranean Forests.

But forests in the Mediterranean have also been considerably affected by degradation and are increasingly in jeopardy from climate change, population rise, wildfires.